Oryol

Home of the Gentry and literature district

Perhaps, it is difficult to find in Russia other place where so many famous names and works of Russian literature are concentrated and associated with.

On these streets, Ivan Turgenev and Nikolai Leskov played when were children, they used to return here when were adults. There lived their friends, prototypes and heroes of their works. Here every house, bends of river and rocky precipice are imbued with images of Russian literature.

Here, walking along the "Lavretsky Path" you enjoy the quiet atmosphere of the Turgenev epoch. Such museums as Ivan Turgenev Museum, Ivan Bunin Museum, Oryol Writers’ Museum and the Timofei Granovsky’s house make up a "literary district" in Oryol.

Oryol Spis embroidery

The Oryol Spis is considered a mysterious treasure of the culture of Vyatichi tribe, which was the most wayward and unpredictable tribe of Ancient Rus, and the embroidery of this tribe is one of the most ancient embroideries that have saved until our days.

"Tree of Life", "Pava Bird" and "Frog Giving Birth" are the main images inherent in embroidery in this technique.

Experts correlate the patterns of the Oryol Spis with pagan iconography, appealing to the higher powers for the energy of childbearing and an abundant harvest.

The largest collection of the Oryol list is in the Oryol Local History Museum, which stores about a hundred unique canvases, the oldest of which dates back to 1796.

Saburovskaya fortress

Not far from Oryol there is a “Turkish” fortress with towers, buttresses, thick walls with battlements, stone pyramids, a theater, stables. It is full of legends about underground passages and quirks of the builders and owners of the fortress. The oldest building in Saburovo is the Church of Michael the Archangel, built at the direction of the owner Fedot Kamensky in 1755.

The “Turkish” fortress was built later at the direction of his son Field Marshal Mikhail Kamensky in memory of his victories in the Turkish wars. He also brought cannons from the defeated Shumla, from which subsequently bells for the church were cast. All the fortress towers are different — one is three stories high with preserved staircases inside, in the other there was a smithy, where, according to legend, Emelyan Pugachev was kept chained.

The arches and premises of the serf theater, one of the first in Russia, have survived. The fortress and its owners were mentioned in the works of Leo Tolstoy, Nikolai Leskov, Alexander Herzen. Son of Mikhail Kamensky Sergei was the founder of one of the first public theaters in Russia, built in Oryol.

Located in the bend of the Tson River, the Saburovskaya Fortress attracts artists and photographers, who enjoy views and the specific color of the noble estate that has survived to this day.